On Darwinianity and Liberal bovine excrement!
It is high time that we dispense with the categorical separation of truths in science and religion. Truth is truth, whether it is found in philosophy, religion or science. Science does not produce one kind of truth, while religion produces another kind.
Truth as I am defining it here is firm conformity to reality that proves to be wholly reliable, so that those who accept a statement can depend on the fact that it will not turn out to be false or deceitful.
Scientific Truth: 2 basic forms of science
Science of regularities: This is the science that we normally understand as science. Experiments can be performed over and over again with the same results. This type of science looks at regularly recurring patterns, creates hypothesis and tests them expirementally.
Scientists like all the rest of us, view reality through the mist of ideas and assumptions that are our world-view or paradigm (as Thomas Kuhn puts it).
When a paradigm is established it becomes the organizing principle for further scientific research. “…normal science seems an attempt to force nature into preformed and relatively inflexible box that the paradigm supplies. No part of the aim of normal science is to call forth new sorts of phenomena; indeed those that will not fit the box are often not seen at all. Nor do scientists aim to invent new theories, and they are often intolerant of the theories invented by others. Instead, normal scientific research is directed to the articulation of those phenomena and theories that the paradigm already supplies.” –Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolution (this is still required reading for many undergraduates in science and is considered by many as a basic book in philosophy of science).
Science of Singularities: This type of science deals with one-time events that one can observe in the present, events that occurred in the past (like a forensic science). Science that concerns itself with the origins of the universe is more like historical and forensic research.
Intelligent Design research is exactly the same kind of forensic science as evolutionary research. It assess much of the same evidence and looks at the full evidence from a different paradigm, taking into account data and variables that are often ignored by Darwinian Evolutionary scientists.
William Dembski has a terrific article on the verifiability and testability of Intelligent Design here:
Scientific truth is working to discover truth wherever it may find it.
Christian Truth: Christianity unlike most other religions lives or dies by historically verifiable truth claims. Other religions are based on believing certain doctrines and philosophies that have no basis in historical fact. But to be a Christian requires for us to have a certain view of truth that is based upon historical, evidentially-reliable facts. For if the death and resurrection of Jesus is not an undeniable historical fact, then our faith is useless and as Paul puts it in 1Corinthians 15:14 – 19: “And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith. More than that, we are then found to be false witnesses about God, for we have testified about God that he raised Christ from the dead. But he did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised either. And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins. Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost. If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are to be pitied more than all men.”
We as Christians are called to believe in Christ’s death and resurrection, and to place our trust in Christ to forgive our sins. But if Christ is not raised from the dead, according to Paul, that means we not only do not have present forgiveness but have lost our hope for the future eternity with Christ as well. And if we have believed in redemption and a heavenly future existence (with a new heaven and earth to follow) when in reality there is no future, than of all human beings we are the most to be pitied. If the claims of the event of the literal physical resurrection of Jesus are in any way not really physically true, then our faith is absolutely useless.
Therefore, quite clearly there is the same definition of truth (conformity to reality) that is at work in Christianity just as it is in science.
There are not two kinds of truth – scientific truth and Christian truth. They define truth in the same way. Origins science (both Darwinian, and Intelligent Design) make truth claims about origins and historical realities. Christianity also makes truth claims about historical reality. They are dealing with the same arena and therefore come into conflict when they make opposing truth claims. Christianity requires faith (trusting in the hypothesis and truth claims of God in his Word) and Science has an element of faith (see Kuhn’s work), especially in the arena of Singularity Science.
Let us therefore dispense with the dichotomous view of different kinds of truth within Christianity and Science.
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